The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Recommendation Statement for Prevention of Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults was published May 28th, 2012 in the Annals of Internal Medicine and the author's found new evidence promoting...
"...exercise or physical therapy and vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older who are at increased risk for falls. (Grade B recommendation)"An extensive evaluation or high-tech balance assessment is not necessary:
"In determining whether this service is appropriate in individual cases, patients and clinicians should consider the balance of benefits and harms on the basis of the circumstances of prior falls, comorbid medical conditions, and patient values. (Grade C recommendation)"Physical therapists should be able to use their clinical intuition to determine which patients are at high risk for falls and for whom physical therapy is medically necessary.
Medicare will pay for physical therapy that is medically necessary to prevent a future adverse event.
In some cases, the physical therapist may be able to apply the -kx modifier attesting that services are medically necessary over and above the 2012 $1,880 combined cap on speech and physical therapy.